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Unit 5- The Mind حلول الوحدة الخامسة

Unit 5- The Mind حلول الوحدة الخامسة
reading
1. PRE-READING
إجابات مُقترحة
# What are some of the things that make you happy?
Well, being with my friends and family makes me
happy. Other things that make me happy are reading a
good book, eating a nice meal, going on holiday, getting
good marks in school, etc.

# Do you think that happiness is a relative state?
Yes, I would say it is. For example, when you have been
ill, you are happy just to be feeling better, whereas under
normal circumstances something else makes you happy.

2. READING FOR GIST
C

3. READING FOR DETAILS
1. b (On average, people in America and Europe are
twice as wealthy as they were forty years ago, yet
surveys show that they are not as happy. In fact, in
many cases they are less so.)

2. a (What's surprising to most of us is that disabled
people have the same possibility for happiness as the
rest of us do.)

3. c (If you discover that something absolutely awful is
going to happen, then the life you had been leading
up to that point can seem like absolute bliss, although
you probably thought it was miserable while you were
living it.)

4. d (They attached electrodes to a rat's brain and
connected them to a handle in the animal's cage so
that it could directly stimulate its pleasure centres by
pressing the handle. The result was that the rat kept on
pressing the handle instead of eating or drinking.)

5. c (In order to be happy, we need to come to terms
with a few truths. We must learn how to live
contentedly with the negative elements of life rather
than attempting to live a life where nothing bad ever
happens.)

6. a (The flow is the state you are in when you are doing
something that completely absorbs you. ...The point is
that people do these things because they want to and
not because they are looking for some kind of reward.)

7. c

4. GUESSING THE MEANING OF UNKNOWN WORDS
1. b
2. a
3. a
4. c
5. c

5. POST-READING
# Do you believe that it is really hard for humans to be happy?
It seems to be. People generally seem to need more and
more to be happy. However, I think that if we try, we
can find happiness.

E After reading the text, would you make any changes to
your everyday life? Why? / Why not?
Yes, I would. I might try to do things that make me feel
good more often. I also think I would take the advice
given in the text and try to live contentedly in spite of
the things that go wrong.


VOCABULARY
1. ADJECTIVES + PREPOSITIONS
A.
from
with

B.
1. of
2. about
3. of
4. with
5. with
6. with
7. of
8. of
9. of
10. about
11. with
12. about
13. with
14. about

2. EXPRESSIONS WITH ‘COME’
A.
come to terms with = to accept something

B.
1. e
2. a
3. c
4. d
5. b

3. IDIOMS
A.
food for thought = something that makes you think carefully

B.
1. e
2. b
3. c
4. a
5. d

GRAMMAR
1. REPORTED SPEECH (STATEMENTS)
A.
1. are planning
2. I am able
3. I have made
4. You will feel
5. I can't, behaved

B.
1. say + to + object, tell + object
2. announce, claim, add. etc.
3.
Direct Speech - Reported Speech


2. REPORTED COMMANDS AND REQUESTS
'Please, pay attention. Don't interrupt me.'

3. SPECIAL INTRODUCTORY VERBS
should do

4. PRACTICE
1. all the blue shoes were on sale
2. shouting/having shouted at Steve the previous day/the day before
3. Ed that he had just got in from the gym
4. me not to go out until I cleaned up the mess in the kitchen
5. to talk to the headmaster
6. he would buy him lunch the next/following day if he helped him finish the protect
7. Gareth to drive him home
8. Roy to bring his boots for football training
9. trying pony riding the following weekend
10. to breaking/having broken the window in the schoolyard

listening
1. PRE-LISTENING
# What do you know about the following people?
(Students' individual answers will vary.) That do
they have in common? Both of these two men's great
intelligence, originality and diverse talents contribute
to them being considered geniuses.
# In your opinion, what features or qualities characterise a genius?
I think that a genius is a person of extraordinary
intellect, originality of thought and creative power.

2. LISTENING FOR SPECIFIC INFORMATION
1. creativity
2. curiosity
3. (true) nature
4. a healthy lifestyle
5. mathematics/maths and physics
6. (pocket) compass
7. maths/mathematics was taught
8. to switch off
9. ask questions

3. LISTENING FOR GIST AND DETAILS
1. b
2. c
3. c
4. a
5. b
6. c
7. b
8. a

vocabulary & grammar
VOCABULARY
COLLOCATIONS (ADJECTIVES + NOUNS)
A.
1. f
2. g
3. h
4. b
5. a
6. e
7. d
8. c

B.
1. lasting impression
2. wide range
3. burning desire
4. stimulating environment
5. mental power
6. strong influence
7. vivid imagination
8. common sense


GRAMMAR
REPORTED QUESTIONS
A.
How did Leonardo da Vinci enrich himself to develop greater intelligence?
Did Einstein's genius show itself in early childhood?

B.
# Which verb is used to introduce the reported questions? ask
# Which words do the reported questions begin with/how, if/whether
# Are the verbs in the reported questions in the affirmative or in question form? affirmative
# What other verbs do we use to introduce reported questions? wonder, want to know, etc.

C.
1. Hugh asked what time the ferry was expected to arrive from Malta.
2. Terry asked Bill when he had visited the States.
3. Tina asked me if/whether I could tell the twins apart.
4. Peter asked Bill why he was going to buy another pair of jeans.
5. George asked if/whether I remembered the name of the restaurant where Andy worked.
6. Claire asked Gemma why she was reading an old newspaper.
7. Mr Jackson asked Michael who had given him permission to use Mr Jackson's/his computer.
8. David wondered if/whether he would ever be rich.

speaking
1. WARM-UP
إجابات مُقترحة
# What career path do you want to follow? Why?
I want to become a doctor. I have wanted to since I was
very young. I think it's a job that is useful to society and
also gives you a great sense of accomplishment.

# Which school subjects appeal to you? Why?
(Students' individual answers will vary.) Well, I tend
to like science subjects like biology and chemistry and
I also like maths. I think they are fascinating because
they have to do with life and have practical applications.
They are also challenging subjects.

2. HELP SOLVE A PROBLEM
إجابات مُقترحة
Solution 1: Well, I think a medical degree is an excellent
choice for your brother. It's a mature decision
because being trained as a doctor is a
rewarding job and it offers job security.

Solution 2: I don't think that Jo should become a
professional artist because his parents
wouldn't be happy about it. He could always
continue drawing as a hobby, and at the
same time follow his parents' advice. Yet, it is
true that if this is his vocation and he really
believes in it, he should go for his dream - he
needs to be determined and sure about it.

3. FURTHER DISCUSSION
إجابات مُقترحة
# What do you think the best age to start thinking about
one's cuture career is?
Adolescence is the best time to start thinking about
one's future employment, during high school: students
at that age have an understanding about the academic
subjects they might like and the job opportunities
related to them. In addition, most schools provide
career counsellors, who inform students about different
academic subjects and how these are linked to certain
skills and professions.

# Do schools in your country provide career counselling?
Do you think that career counselling helps students decide
on a career? Why? / Why not?
Yes, they do. A good career counsellor is indispensable
because he/she can teach students techniques for finding
a good job. He/she aids students in understanding their
strengths and weaknesses and therefore helps them to
make the right decision as far as choosing the ideal job
is concerned.

# Do you think schools/colleges provide students with the
skills required in the job market?
I think that in most cases they tend to do it successfully,
yet sometimes it seems that schools/colleges lack
the provision of practical skills - e.g. the ability to
communicate, resolve crises, or being able to adapt to
changing work places.

# What facilities should schools/colleges provide for students?
Computer lab, library, gym, swimming pool, indoor
and outdoor sports facilities in general, and a cafeteria.

examination practice
A.
1. exciting
2. critical
3. satisfaction
4. emotional
5. happiness
6. helpful
7. depression
8. guidance
9. importance
10. goodness

B.
1. whether Peter was working that
2. forbade Mark to smoke / forbade Mark from smoking
3. had rung him the previous
4. suggested that we should go
5. advised us not to swim
6. complained about standing in that/the
7. for waking / having woken him up
8. accused Henry of breaking

WRITING: A LETTER OF APPLICATION
1. DISCUSS
إجابات مُقترحة
# Have you ever written any kind of letter of application? What for?
Yes, I have. I had to write a letter of application for a language course I wanted to attend at a university.

# What kind of information do you think should be included in a letter of application for a scholarship?
Probably your name and age, what kind of scholarship you are interested in, what school you have graduated from, your marks, why you want the scholarship and why you think you qualify for the scholarship.

2. FOCUS ON CONTENT, LAYOUT AND ORGANISATION
1. Applicants must have (or be expecting) a minimum of 3 As at A level or equivalent. Two of the subjects taken should be mathematics and physics.
2. Professor Albert Shaw

B.
See Appendix I  انظر المُلحق

C.
a. 4
b. 2
c. 1
d. 3

3. FOCUS ON LANGUAGE AND STYLE
A.
a. was awarded
b. particularly
c. wish
d. this work experience
e. provided
f. be grateful
g. requirements
h. at your earliest convenience


B.
1. I am writing with regard to
2. I have a degree in
3. I am fluent in
4. I believe I am suitable for
5. I am a highly motivated person
6. I am available for an interview
7. I am enclosing
8. I look forward to
9. I am presently attending
10. I believe

عودة لـ فهرس ( إجابات كتاب الطالب انجليزي ترافلر 6 )

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