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Glossary of Linguistic Terms

Glossary of Linguistic Terms
abstract
accent
acceptance
acoustic phonetics
acquisition
acrolect
acronym
action
active voice
adjective
adverb
affective filter
affix
affricate
age
agent
agrammatic
agreement
airsteam
allomorph
allophone
alphabet
alphabetic writing
alphabetisms
alternate sign language
alveolar ridge
alveolars
alveo-palatals
ambiguity
Ameslan (American Sign Language)
Amuzgo
analogy
analytic processing
anaphora
Anglo-Saxons
angma
animate
anomia
antecedent
anterior speech cortex
anthropologist
antonyms
aphasia
applied linguistics
approximants
Arabic
arbitrariness
arcuate fasciculus
Aristotle
arrow
article
articulation
articulatory parameters
articulatory phonetics
artificial intelligence
ASL
aspiration
assimilation
associative meaning
asterisk
audio-lingual method
auditory phonetics
Aztec

babbling
Babel
baby talk
backformation
background knowledge
back vowels
Baltic
Balto-Slavic
Bantu
Basari
basilect
bee communication
Bell, Alexander Graham
Bengali
bibialectal
bilabials
bilingual
bilingualism
biological schedule
Black English Vernacular (BEV)
blending
bonobo
borrowing
bottom up
bound morphemes
bound stems
boustrophedon
bow-bow theory
braces
brackets, round
brackets, curly
brain
brain stem
British English
British Sign Language
broadening
Broca's aphasia
Broca's area
Buckingham
Bulgarian

calque
caretaker speech
Carib Indians
category change
cave drawings
Caxton
Celtic
cerebral damage
characters
Chaucer
Cherokee
child language
chimpanzees
Chinese
Chomsky
Clever, Hans
clipping
closed class
closed syllable
coarticulation effects
coda
codification
cognate
coherence
cohesion
cohesive links
cohesive ties
co-hyponyms
coinage
collocation
communication strategies
communicative
communicative approaches
communicative competence
comparative reconstruction
complementary pairs
completion point
compounding
comprehensible input
computer
conceptual meaning
conditioned response
conduction aphasia
conjunction
connotation
Conrad
consonant clusters
consonants
constancy under negation
constituents
context
continuum
conventional knowledge
conversation
conversational interaction
conversational style
conversion
cooing
co-operative principle
copula
corpus callosum
correction
cortex
co-text
covert prestige
creative construction
creativity
Creole
critical period
cultural transmission
culture
cuneiform
Cyrillic alphabet
Czech

Danish
deaf education
deep structure
deictic expressions
deixis
demotic
dentals
derivation
derivational morphemes
descriptive approach
de Vaucanson
development of writing  
diachronic
diacritic
dialect
dialect boundary
dialect continuum
dialect survey
dichotic listening
dictation systems
dictionary
diglossia
diphthongs
diphthongization
direct speech act
discourse analysis
discreteness
displacement
divine source
dolphins
double articulation
double negative drills
duality
Dutch
education
Egyptian
elaboration
elision
ElIZA
epenthesis
eponyms
errors
Eskimo
eth
ethnic background
experiencer
Ewe

face
face-saving act
face-threatening act
facial expressions
family tree
Fant
features
female
feminine
filled pauses
fingerspelling
finite
first person
fixed reference
flap
foreign language learning
foreigner talk
forensic phonetics
formal style
fossilization
free morpheme
free stem
French
French Sign Language
fricatives
front vowels
function
functional morpheme
functional shift
future

Gaelic
Gage, Phineas
Gallaudet
Ganda
Gardener
gender
generate
generative
genesis
Genie
German
Germanic
gesture
glides
glossogentics
glottals
glottals stop
goal
gradable antonyms
graffiti
grammar
grammar-translation method
grammatical competence
grammatical gender
Greek
Gros Ventre
Groucho Marx
Gua
GUS

Haiti
Hawai'i
Hawaiian
Hawaiian Creole
Hayes
Hebrew
Hellenic
hemispheres
hesitation markers
hierarchical
hieroglyphics
Hindi
Hindu
Hmong
Hockett
holistic processing
holophrastic
homonymy
homophony
Hopi
Hungarian
hypocorism
hyponymy

icon
iconic
ideogram
idiolect
ill-formed
Ilocano

imitation
immediate constituent analysis
implementation
implicature
inclusion
indirect speech act
Indo-European
Indo-Iranian
inference
infinite
infinitive
infix
inflectional morpheme
informal style
informative
innate
input
inscriptions
instrument
intended meaning
interactional
interdental
interference
interlanguage
International Phonetic Association
inversion
invisible meaning
Iranian
Irish
isogloss
Italian

Jamaica
Japanese
jargon
Jespersen
Jones

Kamhmu
Kanuri
Kanzi
Kellogg
Kirk, Captain
Koasati
L1 (first language)
L2 (second language)
labeled brackets
labeled tree diagram
labiodentals
Ladefoged
Lana
language disabilities
language faculty
language function
language loyalty
language planning
language universals
larynx
lateralized
Latin
Latvian
learning
lexical morpheme
lexical relations
lexical rules
linguistics atlas
linguistic context
linguistic determinism
linguistic etiquette
linguistic geography
lipreading
liquids
Lithuanian
loan translation
localization
location
location  (ASL)
logogram
Lord's Prayer
Loulis

machines
majority principle
Malapropism
male
manner maxim

Manually Coded English
masculine
Matata
mathematics
Mayan languages
maxims
meaning
Melanesian Pidgin
memory
mesolect
metathesis
metonymy
Middle English
mime
minimal pair
minimal set
model
Modern English
monolingual
morphemes
morphology
morph
most natural development
motivation
motor aphasia
motor cortex
motor movements
movement

narrowing
nasalized
nasals
natural class
natural gender
natural language
natural-sound source
navigators
negative transfer
negatives
negotiated input
neurolinguistics
neuter
Nim Chimpsky

non-directionality
non-gradable antonyms
non-verbal
Norman French
NORMS
Norwegian
noun
noun phrase (NP)
nucleus
number


object
obligatory
official language
Old English
Old Norse
one-word stage
onomatopoeic
onset
open class
open-endedness
open syllable
optional
oral gesture theory
oralism
orientation
output
overextension
overgeneralization
Overstreet
overt prestige


palatal
palate
parentheses
parsing
particle movement
parts of speech
passive voice
past tense
pattern recognition
pauses
Persian
person
person deixis
pharyngeals
pharynx
philology
Phoenicians
phone
phoneme
phonetics
phonographic writing
phonology
phonotactics
phrase structure rules
physical context
physiological adaption
pictograms
Pidgin
place deixis
plan-based system
plural
Polish
politeness
polysemy
pooh-pooh theory
Portuguese
positive face
positive transfer
possessive
Post-Creole continuum
posterior speech cortex
PRAGAMA
pragmatics
preference
prefix
pre-language
Premack
preposition
prepositional phrase
prescriptive approach
present tense
presupposition
primary sign language
primes
printing
processing
productivity
proficiency
program
pronoun
pronunciation
proper noun
prosthesis
proto
Proto-Indo-European
prototype
Psammetichus

quality maxim
quantity maxim
questions


rapid fade
Rebus writing
reciprocity
recursion
reduplication
reference
regional dialect
register
relation maxim
resonator
reversive
right ear advantage
rime
Romanian
Romans
Rumbaugh
Russian


Sanskrit
Santa Clause
Sapir-Whorf hypothesis
Sarah
Savage-Rumbaugh
schema (ta)
schwa
Scottish
script
second person
selection
self-consciousness
semantically odd
semantic feature
semantic role
semantics
semi-vowels
sensory aphasia
Sequoyah
sex
Shakespeare
shape
Sherman and Austin
SHRDLU
Sierra Leone
Signed English
sign language
simultaneous method
singular
Slavic
slip of the ear
slip of the tongue
social class
social dialect
social identity
sociolinguistic competence
sociolinguistics
sound change
source
Spanish
specialization
speech act
speech community
speech events
speech recognition
speech synthesis
spelling reform
Spoonerism
Standard English
Star Trek
stem
stops
strategic competence
structural ambiguity
structural analysis
structural change
structural description
structure dependency
style
stylistic
subject
suffix
Sumerians
superlative
superordinate
surface structure
Swahili
Swedish
Swift, Jonathan
syllabary
syllabic writing
syllable
synchronic
synonyms
syntactic structure
syntax
synthetic speech


Tagalog
tag question
task-based learning
telegraphic speech
tense
Terrace
test frames
text
theme
theta
third person
tip of the tongue
time deixis
Tok Pisin
tongue slips
tool using
top down
trachea
traditional grammar
transactional function
transfer
transformational rules
tree diagram
Turkish
turn
turn taking
Tuvaluan
two-word stage


under stander system
unmarked
uvula


variation
velars
velum
verb
verb phrase
Viki
Vikings
vocabulary
vocal auditory channel
vocal cords
vocal tract
voice box
voiced
voiceless
von Frisch
vowels


Wales
Washoe
Webster
wedge
Weizenbaum
well-formed
Welsh
Wernicke's aphasia
Wernicke's area
windpipe
word order
word storage
world knowledge


Yerkish
yo-heave-ho theory


zero morph

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