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شرح Unreal Past الماضي غير الحقيقي ( الافتراضي)

شرح Unreal Past الماضي غير الحقيقي ( الافتراضي)

شرح هذه القاعدة حسب ما وردت في منهج Traveller
Traveller 2
unreal past

Traveller 4

Traveller 6
Unreal Past

:::::::::::::::::  Traveller 2 :::::::::::::::::
كتاب الطالب
It makes visitors wish they could go back.

I wish I didn't have to take any more exams.
I wish I could help you!
I wish this course were easier.
..
Complete the dialogue with the correct form of the verbs in brackets.

- I did that, but I want some more information.
I wish I had (have) an Internet connection. Then I'd be able to find lots of things to write about.

- I wish I could (can) help you.


Read the situations below and make sentences using wish.

1. I want to be able to travel around the world.
I wish I could travel around the world.

2. My friend's presentation is next week. I have a lot of work to do and I can't go.
I wish I could go to my friend’s presentation. / 
I wish I didn’t have a lot of work to do.

3. I want to make a mango dessert but I don't have the recipe.
I wish I had the recipe for a mango dessert.

4. I'm in Hong Kong, but I don't know how they greet people here.

I wish I knew how people in Hong Kong greet each other. / 
I wish I knew how to greet people in Hong Kong.

كتاب التدريبات
Read the situations below and make sentences using wish.

1. Fred wants to go to Spain, but he doesn’t have enough money to buy the ticket.
Fred wishes he had enough money to buy the ticket to go to spain.

2. Ali doesn’t have any free time so he rarely goes out with his friends.
Ali wishes he had more free time / Ali wishes he went out with his friends more often.

3. Tim’s favourite writer is Bob Forth and he wants to meet him.
Tim wishes he could meet Bob Forth.

4. It rains all the time here and I don’t like it.
I wish it didn't/wouldn't rain all the time here.

5. Melissa likes Chinese food, but she doesn’t know how to cook it.
Melissa wishes she knew how to cool Chinese food.


6. There aren’t any shopping centres in the area and Tina doesn’t like it.
Tina wishes there were shopping centres in the area.

Complete the sentences with the correct form of the verbs in brackets.
. I wish I could (can) come to your wedding, but I’m afraid I’ll be away on that day.
. I wish Tony decorated / would decorated( decorate) his place before the celebration.

. Ryan wishes he went (go) to an exotic island in the summer.

:::::::::::::::::  Traveller 4 :::::::::::::::::

I wish I could lose weight without doing anything.
If only losing weight was as quick and easy as you say...
If only I had been more careful with my eating habits.

Read the following situations and write sentences starting with the words given.
1. You speak very loudly and I don't like that.
I wish you didn't / wouldn't speak so loudly / as loudly as you do.

2. I lied to my sister and that was a mistake.
If only I hadn't lied to my sister.

3. I should have visited my aunt when she was in hospital.
I wish I had visited my aunt when she was in hospital.

4. Afaf doesn't sleep well at night and she's worried about it.
Afaf wishes she slept well at night/could sleep well at night.

5. Brad feels bad because he ate a huge chocolate ice cream.
Brad wishes he hadn't eaten a huge chocolate ice cream.

6. I would like to go to the gym three times a week but I just can't.
If only I could go to the gym three times a week.

7. I woke up at 9 and went to school an hour late.
If only I hadn't woken up at 9 / hadn't gone to school an hour late / had woken up earlier.

..
Choose the word or phrase that produces a grammatically correct sentence.

1. Your cousin wouldn't have bought you flowers if he ... you were allergic to them.
a. knew b. had known c. has known e. knows

2. If only my parents ... me from becoming a teacher so many years ago.
a. would stop b. didn't stop c. hadn't stopped d. could stop

3. You broke mum's vase, ... ?
a. did you b. do you c. didn't you e. don't you

4. If Saud hadn't seen that car coming towards us, we ... killed?
a. were b. might have been c. should have been d. might be

5. Dr Salman sometimes wishes he ... medicine.
a. will not study b. didn't study c. hadn't studied e. studies

6. Yesterday I went to the supermarket to do some shopping with my two sisters, but when we reached the checkout,
we realised that ... of us had enough money to pay for the shopping.
a. either b. neither c. none d. nor

7. I hate this rainy weather! If ... on a tropical island right now.
a. I wish I were b. only I were c. only I had been d. I wish I had been

:::::::::::::::::  Traveller 6 :::::::::::::::::
كتاب الطالب
I wish I could find time to exercise, but it's really hard.
If only my friends had given it a try, too.

Read the following situations and decide what you would say in each of them. Start with the words given.

1. You want to buy a new surfboard but you can't afford one.
I wish I could afford a new surfboard.
I wish I could buy a new surfboard.
I wish I could afford to buy a new surfboard.

2. You've been working for two hours and need a break.
It's time I had a break.

3. While you are in a hotel, the fire alarm in your room goes off. The police arrive and treat you like a criminal.
They treated me as if I were a criminal.

4. Your brother borrowed your camera without asking you.
I'd rather my brother hadn't borrowed my camera without asking me.
I'd rather he hadn't borrowed my camera without asking me.

5. You didn't attend the school's end-of-year ceremony and now you regret it.
I wish I had attended the school's end-of-year ceremony.

6. We didn't arrive at the port on time so we missed the ferry.
If only we had arrived at the port on time / 
If only we hadn't missed the ferry.

7. It's eight o'clock in the evening and your brother hasn't done his homework yet.
It's about time my brother did his homework.
It's about time he did his homework.

8. You'd love to buy the gadget but unfortunately you don't have your credit card with you.
If only I had my credit card with me.

9. You and your brother didn't eat lunch before going on a long walk and felt hungry later.
I'd rather we had eaten lunch before going on a long walk.

10. You would like to paint your bedroom black but your parents won't allow it.
I wish my parents would allow me to paint my bedroom black.  / 
I wish I could paint my bedroom black.

==================
Examination Practice 

A. Choose the word or phrase that produces a grammatically correct answer.

1. Can’t you be more responsible? If only you ..... a bit harder!
a. study b. were studying c. have studied d. would study

2. I’d rather Daniel  .....to George like that the other day.
a. didn’t speak b. doesn’t speak c. wouldn’t speak d. hadn’t spoken

3. I’d rather we  ..... the boys to join us.
a. ask b. would ask c. hadn’t asked d. will ask

4. If only Brandon  ..... me, I would have finished on time.
a. has helped b. helped c. hadn’t helped d. had helped

5. No sooner  ..... him the news than everybody in the office knew it.
a. I had told b. have I told c. I have told d. had I told

6. Under no circumstances  ..... my proposal.
a. would he accept b. won’t he accept c. he had accepted d. he will have accepted

7. I wish Stan  ..... in the office. It’s unhealthy for all of us.
a. won’t smoke b. hadn’t smoked c. doesn’t smoke d. wouldn’t smoke

8. After our argument, he acted as if nothing .
a. had happened b. happens c. didn’t happen d. would happen

9. I wish I  ..... their address; I would have visited them.
a. will know b. would know c. have known d. had known

10. Not only ..... the door but I secured the windows, too.
a. I locked b. I have locked c. was I locked d. did I lock


Round-Up

Choose the word or phrase that produces a grammatically correct sentence.
1. The nurse  ..... me that I had to go for an X-ray.
a. said        b. agreed
c. asked     d. informed

2. My brother told me that we  ..... to get together to talk soon.
a. would have     b. were having
c. are having      d. must have

3. I wish I  ..... up watching TV until 2am last night.
a. didn’t stay        b. haven’t stayed
c. hadn’t stayed    d. would have stayed

4. If only Jack  ..... a bit more interested in his studies!
a. is                              b. were
c. would have been     d. could have been

5. If I had seen my cousin, I  ..... over to talk to him.
a. would have gone     b. went
c. would go                 d. would have been going

==================
كتاب التدريبات
Circle the correct answer.

1. I'd rather the children hadn't gone / didn't go to bed so late last night.

2. It's high time Nasir decides / decided what he wants to study at university.

3. Aysha is my older sister, but sometimes she acts as if she is / were my mother.

4. I wish I could / can find time to visit my cousins in Riyadh more often.

5. What a beautiful sunset! If only I hadn't forgotten / didn't forget to bring my camera!

6. My parents wish I will study / would study law, but I want to become a doctor.

7. I'm tired of doing the washing-up every day. It's time we bought / had bought a dishwasher!


Choose the word or phrase that produces a grammatically correct sentence.

. I wish I ______  such a heavy meal!
a. haven't eaten     b. didn't eat
c. hadn't eaten       d. won't eat

. If only you ______ harder. You would have passed the test.
a. hadn’t been studying      b. were studying
c. studied                            d. had studied
==================


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