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Unit 2- The Written Word حلول الوحدة الثانية

Unit 2- The Written Word حلول الوحدة الثانية

reading صفحة مهارة القراءة
1. PRE-READING
إجابات مُقترحة
# How often do you use a dictionary?
I use a dictionary quite often because I'm learning two
foreign languages and I find it necessary to look up the
meaning of words, check their pronunciation and also
find examples of how these words are used.

# Do you thing that compiling a dictionary is a demanding
task? Why/Why not?
I'm sure that compiling a dictionary is an extremely
demanding task. Just the idea of having to include
all the words in a particular language, define them
accurately and give other kinds of information about
them is mind-boggling.

2. READING FOR GIST
b

3. RECONSTRUCTING A GAPPED TEXT

1.F (This sentence follows the previous one explaining exactly when the advent of the first dictionary is believed to have been.)

2.B (This sentence refers to the two glossaries, that of Appolonius and that of rerrius Flaccus, which were mentioned in the previous sentences.)

3.H (This sentence follows because it points out that unlike what was happening in Europe, which was mentioned in the previous sentence, the Middle East was advancing, which explains why it was there that the first attempt to compile a dictionary was made.)

4.A (This sentence explains why the dictionary previously mentioned was not actually the first
because it contained Latin and was not only an English language dictionary.)
5.D('His' in this sentence refers to Henry Cockeram and this sentence explains that the first book using the word 'dictionary' appeared in 1623.)

6.C (The 'all that' in this sentence refers to the unsuccessful dictionaries mentioned in the previous
sentence, and 'This' in the following sentence refers to the two-volume lexicon 'A Dictionary of the English Language'.)

7.G (This sentence naturally follows, explaining the result of the greater need for reference books)

4. GUESSING THE MEANING OF UNKNOWN WORDS
1. c
2. g
3. d
4. a
5. h
6. f

5. POST-READING
إجابات مُقترحة
# Which of the dictionaries mentioned in the text do you think was the most pioneering or influential?
I think that the dictionary compiled by Khalil Ibn Ahmad was probably the most pioneering because it was the first complete single language dictionary and also the most influential because it encouraged the compilation of other dictionaries.

# Which of them would you like to see and possibly use?
I'd really like to see Khalil Ibn Ahmad's dictionary and
I'd like to be able to see and use the Oxford English Dictionary.



vocabulary & grammar صفحة المُفردات والقواعد
VOCABULARY حل فقرة المُفردات
1. WORDS EASILY CONFUSED
1. basic
2. primary
3. simple
4. include
5. consist
6. contain
7. involves
8. mention
9. refer
10.reported
11.common
12.normal
13.regular
14.typical
15.appreciate
16. estimate
17. respect
18. edited
19. published
20. printed

2. PREPOSITIONAL PHRASES WITH ‘IN’ AND ‘OUT OF’
A.
What do you think the phrases in bold mean?
Out of the quetion - used to say that sth can't or will not happen
In particular - used to talk about sth/sb specifically
Can you think of any other phrases starting with 'in' and 'out of'?
in an effort, in favour of, in all; out of place, out of touch, out of sorts


B.

1. in
2. in
3. in
4. in / out of
5. in / out of
6. out of
7. out of
8. in
9. in / out of
10. in / out of
11. in
12. out of
13. in / out of
14. in

C.
1. practice
2. a hurry
3. fashion
4. work
5. advance
6. the meantime
7. breath
8. brief
9. the question
10. charge
11. order
12. vain
13. shape
14. date
15. particular
16. time


GRAMMAR حل فقرة القواعد
1. INFINITIVES AND –ING FORMS
A.
1. b
2. a
3. g
4. i
5. d
6. j
7. e
8. h
9. f
10. c

B.
1. a
2. b
3. b
4. a
5. b
6. a
7. a
8. b
9. b
10. a

2. PRACTICE
1. to learn
2. attend
3. presenting
4. to discuss
5. to obtain
6. exploring
7. spend
8. to find
9. to attend
10. taking


listening صفحة الإستماع

1. PRE-LISTENING
إجابات مُقترحة
# Did you like fairy tales when you were a child?
Yes, I did, and I think most children like having fairy tales told to them.
# What do you know about the Brothers Grimm?


2. LISTENING FOR SPECIFIC INFORMATION
1. c
2. a
3. a
4. a
5. c
6. c
7. a
8. c
9. b
10. c
11. c
12. c
13. b
14. b
15. c
16. c
17. a
18. b
19. b
20. a


vocabulary & grammar صفحة المُفردات والقواعد
VOCABULARY حل فقرة المُفردات
1. NOUNS ENDING IN -ER, -OR,-IST AND -IAN
A.


B.
1. Scientist
2. electrician
3. typist
4. director
5. operator

GRAMMAR حل فقرة القواعد

2. NOUN SUFFIXES (-TH, -NESS, -URE, -ITY, -AL, -HOOD, -DOM, -ENCE)
A.
popular → popularity, grow → growth,
independent → independence, arrive → arrival,
free → freedom, expose → exposure,
neighbour→ neighbourhood, great → greatness

B.
1. creativity
2.  boredom
3.  confidence
4.  childhood
5.  weakness
6.  failure
7.  survival
8.  width

MODAL VERBS + HAVE + PAST PARTICIPLE
A.
Past


C.
1. needn/t have tried
2. should/ought to have worn
3. must have tidied
4. can't/couldn't have been
5. should/ought to have called
6. may/might have heard
7. must have failed
8. could have had


----------
speaking  صفحة مهارةالتحدث
1. WARM-UP
إجابات مُقترحة
# Do/Did you often use your school library?
Why / Why not?
Yes, I use it very often. It has a large variety of books
and I can borrow them free of charge. Sometimes I
borrow books that I need for my protects and other
times I borrow books that I like to read for fun.

# What type of books do you like to read?
I like reading science fiction books because reading
stories about events that take place in the future always
excites me. I know that these stories aren't realistic, but
I like them because they make me use my imagination.

2. SPECULATING AND MAKING A DECISION
إجابات مُقترحة
# What are the advantages and disadvantages of each of these options?
Encyclopedias are very useful and reliable reference books, but they are quite costly.
Art books help students learn about various forms of art and develop their creativity. On the other hand, they are not as beneficial for them as certain other types of books.

Dictionaries are practical and they also help students' language development, but they may not be used very often by many students.

Magazines, periodicals and comics are motivating for most students. They may read about topics which are up-to-date or out of the ordinary. The downside of purchasing these is that the school will have to pay a monthly or yearly subscription.

Classic novels are also very important to have in a school library not only because they help language
development, but because they allow students to read books which have been recognised as masterpieces. On the other hand, they may not be popular with certain
students who may find them boring.

Atlases may be very interesting for certain students and they may also help them in classes like geography.
Nevertheless, for other students they may not be as useful or interesting as something else.

# Which two do you think would be most useful for the students?
I believe that the two most useful collections for the students would be the encyclopedias because they are reliable reference books which are necessary in every library, and the novels (classics) because this way the students can be introduced to literary masterpieces
which have been admired throughout the years.


3. FURTHER DISCUSSION
إجابات مُقترحة
# In your opinion, what are the features that male a book important?

I believe that one of the main features that make a book
important is whether it is able to positively influence the
reader. This may be by allowing him/her to understand
more about a culture, people or life in general.

# Is it important for schools to have a library with a variety of books?

I think it's very important. If a school has a library,
books will be in easy reach for its students. This is very
convenient for the students because they won't have
to go out of their way to find a book they need. Also,
because access will be so easy, many students may start
using the library more often and therefore read more
books.

# Why do you believe people read books?
There are many reasons why people read books. First
of all, reading books is an enjoyable way to spend one's
time. Secondly, some books are educational and help
us expand our knowledge by learning about the past or
present.


examination practice  التدرب على الاختبار
A.
1. b
2. a
3. d
4. a
5. d
6. a
7. c
8. a
9. c
10. b

B.
1. needn't have woken up
2. doesn't appear to care
3. had difficulty (in) finding
4. will try to get there
5. can't have written
6. ought not to have cheated
7. stopped playing professional football
8. left the house without locking


writing صفحة مهارةالكتابة

1. DISCUSS
إجابات مُقترحة
# Do you read reviews of books in newspapers or in magazines? Why / Why not?
- Yes, I like to read reviews because they help me choose books that I want to read. - No, I don't find them very
helpful. I prefer to read books that my teachers or friends have recommended to me.

# Do reviews influence your decision to read a book?
- Yes, the information about the plot, characters and style of writing help me to decide if I would like to read
a particular book or not. - No, I find reviews boring and not very reliable as the opinions e􀁛pressed are always very subbective.

2. FOCUS ON CONTENT AND ORGANISATION
A.
Do books like this appeal to you?
I have always liked books like these because even though they are fiction, we can get an idea of what life was like
at the time. Also, the characters and the stories are quite interesting.

B.
1. 4
2. 1
c. 2
d. 3

3. FOCUS ON LANGUAGE
A.
1. plot
2. author
3. set
4. fictional
5. character
6. theme

B.
1. theme
2. plot
3. author
4. character
5. imaginative
6. fictional
7. situated
8. set

C.
1. d
2. b
3. e
4. c
5. a



عودة لـ فهرس ( إجابات كتاب الطالب انجليزي ترافلر 6 )

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