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Unit 3- Education حلول الوحدة الثالثة - ترافلر 6

Unit 3- Education حلول الوحدة الثالثة

1. PRE-READING
إجابات مُقترحة
#If you were interested in studying at a university in an English-speaking country, what kind of information would you like to have?

I would like to have information about the courses the university offers. I would like to know who teaches the courses. I would also like to know what life is like
in the city where the university is located. I would also like to have information about the tuition costs, accommodation and the cost of living in the city.

#Other useful information would be if the university offered any grants/scholarships or if there were any opportunities for part-time work there.

2. READING FOR GIST
إجابات مُقترحة
The brochure says that it offers a variety of programmes and some information about the faculty. It also gives information about how to find accommodation, but it doesn't mention anything about costs. It does not talk about grants/scholarships or any opportunities for parttime work.


3. SCANNING FOR SPECIFIC INFORMATION
1. d (It is surrounded by hills, green woodlands and lovely lakes.)
2. a (After receiving your application form, we will send you a campus housing application.)
3. b (Off-campus housing is best arranged after your arrival in Bloomington, but you can begin by browsing the electronic classified ads in the Bloomington Herald Times.)
4. a (Campus apartments are all within walking distance of classes and are on the University bus routes.)
5. d (Teachers in the IEP are qualified to teach English as a second language and have taught in the United States and abroad.)
6. c (The goal of the Indiana University Intensive English Program (IEP) is to increase the English language skills of non-native English speakers ...)
7. b (At levels Six and Seven, students also select from a variety of courses...)
8. c (...the level needed for study at a college or university in the United States.)
9. b (Bloomington and Indiana University offer a large variety of recreational activities and social events going on all year round.)
10. c (All students admitted to the programme must have earned at least a high school diploma)
11. c (At levels Six and Seven, students also select from a variety of courses in... computer skills... and the World Wide Web...)
12. a (Our application materials will tell you how much money is needed for each session. & After receiving your application form, we will send you a campus housing application.)

4. GUESSING THE MEANING OF UNKNOWN WORDS
1. b
2. c
3. a
4. a
5. b

5. POST-READING
إجابات مُقترحة
# Does the idea of attending the Intensive English Program at Indiana University appeal to you? Why? / Why not?
Yes, it does. It sounds like an excellent programme and Bloomington, Indiana sounds like a nice place to live for a while. The fact that there are also extracurricular activities makes it all the more attractive.

vocabulary & grammar
VOCABULARY
1. WORDS EASILY CONFUSED
1. quality
2. excellence
3. perfection
4. last but not least
5. at least
6. At last
7. lastly
8. ceremony
9. festival
10. celebration
11. studious
12. academic
13. intellectual
14. campus
15. premises
16. dorm
18. factual
20. authentic
21. accurate

2. PHRASAL VERBS (GO)
A.
happening

B.
1. b
2. e
3. f
4. c
5. a
6. d

3. NOUNS ENDING IN –ANT AND –ENT
A.
students → study
inhabitants → inhabit

B.
1. consultant
2. contestants
3. assistant
4. applicants
5. immigrants
6. correspondent
7. servant
8. residents

GRAMMAR
1. PASSIVE VOICE I
A.

B.
  •  Active, Passive
  •  Active, Passive
  •  full infinitive


2. PRACTICE
1. have been taught
2. were/had been conducted
3. decided
4. gets
5. is spent
6.  received
7. be reviewed
8. are isolated
9. are held
10. travel
11. is known
12. be shown

-
listening
1. PRE-LISTENING
# Would you liketo be an elementary school teacher? Why? / Why not?
I think that I would like to be an elementary school teacher. There are several reasons why I find this job attractive. First of all, it is a very rewarding job. Besides that, it is a job that is challenging and doesn't lead to boredom easily. last but not least, teachers have long holidays which give them time to get away from their every day routine and recharge their batteries.


# Which of your teachers really inspired and motivated you? In what way?
My French teacher Mrs Slattery was an inspirational teacher and motivated her students to learn French because she tried to teach the language in a fun and enjoyable way. She didn't stick to the coursebook, but would devise various interesting group activities which required us to work together.


2. LISTENING FOR SPECIFIC INFORMATION
1. b
2. b
3. a
4. c
5. a
6. c
7. a
8. c
9. b
10. b
11. b
12. c
13. c
14. a
15. b
16. b
17. a
18. c
19. a
20. c

vocabulary & grammar
1. PHRASAL VERBS (TURN)
transformed

B.
1. c
2. d
3. a
4. e
5. b

2. COMPOUND NOUNS
A.
bookshelf → a shelf to put books on
time machine → a machine that helps you travel through time
football player → a person who plays football
alphabet museum → a museum with a collection of interesting things beginning with each letter of the alphabet history book → a book about history

B.
toothpaste, bedroom, school bus, weather forecast, toothache, water tank, police station, kitchen table, motor boat, sail boat, bike station, sunroom, waterbed, sunbed, schoolgirl


C.
1. police station
2. weather forecast
3. waterbed
4. school bus
5. toothache

GRAMMAR
PASSIVE VOICE II
A.
a. What makes classrooms look stimulating? posters on the walls who believes so? people
b. Which words have been omitted between flashlight and attached? which was
c. Which of the two verbs in bold is in the passive voice? is being designed


B.
1. are being questioned at the moment (by the detective)
2. is believed to be very strict
3. is being built on the outskirts of the city
4. is said that this town was founded by the French in the 17th century / is said that the 􀀩rench founded this town in the 17th century / is said to have been founded
by the French in the 17th century
5. (which were) made by the participants were delicious

speaking
1. WARM-UP
إجابات مقترحة
# What kind of extracurricular events does your school/ college organise?
My school organises various extracurricular events. We have debating contests and field trips throughout the year, and writing contests, sports competitions and art
exhibitions at the end of the school year.

# Have you ever participated in any of them?
Yes, of course. I've participated in almost all of them.
last year, I even won first prize in the writing contest.

2. CHOOSING BETWEEN OPTIONS
إجابات مُقترحة
# What are the options?
Well, the first option is to have an art exhibition, using technology and the second option is to have a sports competition.

# What are the advantages/disadvantages of each option?
The art exhibition is indoors, so we won't have to worry about the weather conditions. In the other hand, this
event may be more expensive to organise because of the material which will need to be bought. Also, the
students will have to submit their work ahead of time so that everything can be ready on the day of the event.
The sports competition can help raise money for the school by selling refreshments.


This way, more events can be held in the future.
Nevertheless, the sports competition is outdoors, so if
the weather is bad, the event will have to be cancelled.
Lastly, I think that both events are popular with
students. The art exhibition will appeal to students who
are into art, and the sports competition will appeal to
students who are into sports.

# Which activity have you chosen? Why?
I've chosen the sports competition because I believe that
more students will be interested in it. Also, it is cheaper
to organise and the school will even be able to raise
money for future events. Of course, due to the fact that
it will have to be held outdoors, the day it will take place
on will have to be chosen very carefully so as to avoid
bad weather. The art exhibition sounds very interesting,
but it will be more expensive to organise. Also, perhaps
students won't be able to submit their work in time and
that may create various problems.


3. FURTHER DISCUSSION
إجابات مُقترحة
# Do you think that extracurricular activities are important? Why / Why not?
I believe that extracurricular activities are very important. Students can choose an activity which they
are interested in. This way they can develop a talent or acquire further knowledge on a specific topic. Each
activity may offer something different to students. Some activities can help encourage creativity, while others can cultivate cultural awareness and broaden a student's horizons.

# In your opinion, which extracurricular activities are most interesting? Why?
In my opinion, sports activities are the most interesting. Students can work out while enjoying themselves. They
may play a team sport and learn about the importance of teamwork, or play individual sports and learn how
to cope by themselves. In both types of sports they also learn how to follow rules while having fun.

examination practice
A.
1. be
2. great/large
3. are
4. by
5. to
6. up
7. over
8. more
9. as
10. to
11. out
12. into

B.
1. scientist
2. located
3. studious
4. investigations
5. discoveries
6. addition
7. contributions
8. application

writing
WRITING: AN INFORMAL LETTER DESCRIBING AN EVENT
1. DISCUSS
إجابات مُقترحة
# What kind of events does your school/university organise?
My school organises events on special occasions. For example, when students graduate, there is a special graduation ceremony. My school also organises various competitions, such as writing competitions.


# Which is your favourite? Why?
Although I haven't graduated yet, I think the graduation ceremony is my favourite. Everyone is very happy when they graduate; students feel like they have achieved one of their goals in life and look forward to future accomplishments. At the same time, students are also sad to be leaving friends and teachers behind. After the ceremony, students celebrate with their friends and family and everyone enjoys themselves.

2. FOCUS ON CONTENT AND STYLE
A.
# school events around the world
# describing a popular school event in your country and saying why it's important to you
# letter

B.
It sounds 􀁔uite interesting and nice. The writer gave a very
good description of what happens and also how he feels
and his own plans, so we get a clear idea of what happens
on the day mentioned.


C.
The following should be ticked: 2, 3, 6, 7

3. EDITING YOUR WRITING
Dear Martin,
Hi there! We have many important school events, but the
one that I always look forward to is Earth Day. It is held
on 22 April and all the schools in my area participate
in this important day. The point of the event is to
learn about the city's environmental problems and do
something to help.

During this day various activities take place and our
school usually does something different every year. For
example, our school may organise a clean-up day and
get together with another school to clean up an area in
the city. This way everyone collects all the litter from
the parks and lakes. Something else our school may do
is plant trees in different places where they are needed,
so we can make our city greener. Apart from the main
celebration on the 22, our teachers include lessons about
the environment in the curriculum throughout April in
an effort to make us more knowledgeable about it.

I like this day a lot. Anyone who has participated in Earth
Day will tell you that it is a unique experience. It gives
you the chance to learn about the environment, as well as
to do something to help it while having fun!
Well, I hope I have been of some help to you. If there is
anything else you need, just let me know.
Best wishes,
Ryan


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