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Unit 4- Communication حلول الوحدة الرابعة

Unit 4- Communication حلول الوحدة الرابعة
1. PRE-READING
#Is it possible that there is like on other planets?
Since we don't have any indication that there is life on
other planets so far and because the conditions on the
planets in our solar system are not favourable for forms
of life as we know it, I think that it is improbable that
there is life on other planets.


2. READING FOR GIST
d

3. READING FOR SPECIFIC INFORMATION
1. a
2. c (...enormous mirror which would be used for sending signals to the Martians. His plan was to 'burn' messages into the sand on Mars by reflecting sunlight on the surface of the planet)

3. b (During the twentieth century, space travel became a reality and scientists' methods of 'communicating' with extraterrestrials became more sophisticated. In 1972...)

3. b (...unmanned spacecraft called Pioneer 10 into the solar system)

4. d (Both probes will take about 40,000 years to reach Alpha Centauri)

5. d (Unfortunately, the M13 cluster of stars is so far away from Earth that it will take approximately 25,000 years
for the message to reach its destination, so we won't be receiving a response any time soon!)
6. a (...the software will collect data transmitted from a device located near the Arecibo telescope. The data will then be sent to members of the research team so that they can analyse it and determine whether a signal has been received from extraterrestrials.)

4. GUESSING THE MEANING OF UNKNOWN WORDS
1. f
2. g
3. h
4. a
5. c
6. d

5. POST READING
إجابات مُقترحة
# What's your opinion about the SELI@home project?
It seems rather unrealistic to me. The study of
astronomy is one thing and trying to get the general
public to participate in a search for extraterrestrial life is
another. I can􀁩t really take it seriously.

VOCABULARY
1. WORDS EASILY CONFUSED
1. peak
2. top
3. height
4. observe
5. notice
6. remarked
7. sign
8. signal
9. gesture
10. symbol
11. position
12. location
13. spot
14. site
15. transmit
16. transfer
17. transport

2. PHRASAL VERBS WITH ‘COME’
A.
find by chance

B.
1. c
2. a
3. d
4. e
5. b

3. PREPOSITIONAL PHRASES
A.
إجابات مُقترحة
on good terms with, in spite of, in front of, in view of, in order to

B.
1. behalf
2. comparison
3. favour
4. addition
5. result
6. need
7. reply
8. exception
9. contact
10. account
11. relation
12. regard

1. CLAUSES OF PURPOSE, RESULT AND CONCESSION
# Which of the phrases in bold express a contrasting idea to the rest of the sentence? 1, 4
# Which of the phrases in bold expresses purpose? 2
# Which of the phrases in bold expresses the result of a fact mentioned in the rest of the sentence? 3

B.
CLAUSES OF PERPOSE
in order to
CLAUSES OF RESULT
so
CLAUSES OF CONCESSION
although
in spite of

2. PRACTICE
1. being tired / the fact that he was tired, Bill knew he had to keep running to win the race
2. heat up food
3. so strong that the bridge was closed for six hours
4. she was seriously ill, she never lost her courage
5. he wouldn't see Michael
6. spicy for Nasir to eat
7. the weather / it was stormy, Ian decided to go surfing
8. not to be recognised, the bank robber was disguised as a gorilla
9. a lot of noise that I couldn't hear a word
10. a talented writer that everyone wants to read his books
11. case you need to call us later, take your mobile phone with you


1. PRE-LISTENING
# How would you define 'body language'?
Body language is how your position and movements
show people how you feel or what you think.

# In your opinion, can body language indicate a person's
real feelings? Can you think of any examples?

Yes, body language sometimes indicates a person's
real feelings when that person's words are actually
saying something different. For example, when people
are lying, even though their words may be saying one
thing, the fact that that person can't look you in the
eyes when he/she is speaking to you indicates that he/
she is not truthful.

2. LISTENING FOR SPECIFIC INFORMATION
1. tone of voice
2. happiness
3. laughter
4. soul
5. 60-70%
6. rude
7. avoid or break
8. sad or bored
9. glasses or pens
10. safe and secure

3. PRE-LISTENING
# What do you know about the systems of communication
below which were used by different civilisations?
(Students' individual answers will vary.)

4. MULTIPLE MATCHING
1. E
2. B
3. A
4. F
5. D

VOCABULARY
IDIOMS WITH PARTS OF THE BODY
1. i
2. c
3. d
4. h
5. a
6. g
7. j
8. f
9. l
10. k
11. b
12. e

CAUSATIVE FORM
A.
1. I did something myself. 2
2. I asked someone to do something for me. 3
3. I arranged for a professional to do something for me. 1

B.
1. fix the central heating problem
2. have/get it fixed
3. Are you having your car serviced
4. was having/getting my hair cut
5. have/get it repaired by a technician
6. buy a new one
7. Do the Jacksons have their house painted
8. paint it
9. did you get these cool sunglasses
10. broke them

1. WARM-UP
إجابات مُقترحة
# Do you speak on the phone a lot? Who to? What do you usually talk about?
I don't really speak on the phone a lot. I speak on the phone to my friends or members of my family in order to make arrangements about where to go, where to meet and things
like that.

# Do you like seeing advertisements on billboards in the street, on TV, in magazinesm etc.? Why? / Why not?
Well, I think that advertisements on billboards in the street are dangerous; it's a fact that they attract the attention of drivers and cause accidents. I don't mind advertisements on TV or in magazines because they are a good way of finding out about new products.

2. FOCUS ON PICTURES
A.
SA: Both landline phones and mobile phones have
advantages. For example, a landline phone doesn't
have a battery that needs to be recharged like a mobile
phone. Also, you don't have to worry about having good
reception. It is more reliable and less likely to be cut
off. Some people believe that it is outdated, yet it is a
convenient and economical means of communicating
with others. In the other hand, a mobile phone bypasses
the local telephone infrastructure, and may still work
when landlines are not working. In my opinion, it is an
advanced means of communication. The main advantage
is that it is portable, which is very useful in emergencies,
e.g. accidents. Other things you can do with a mobile
phone are sending te􀁛t messages, taking photos and
accessing the Internet. Nevertheless, there are reports
that link heavy use of mobile phones with certain types
of cancer, thus posing a health hazard.


SB: At home, I prefer the landline because it is so much cheaper!
On top of this, it doesn't give you terrible headaches like a
mobile phone does. In the other hand, if I am out, it's really
handy to use my mobile to talk to my friends!

B.
SB: The first picture features a typical means of advertising,
that of billboard (hoarding) advertising. In the second
picture, you can see an example of advertising through the
circulation of flyers, which can either be distributed on
the street or left on the windscreens of cars. Both types of
advertising are untargeted, in the sense that anyone can
become the recipient of the advertisement. As far as I am
concerned, I believe that billboard advertising is costly
yet much more effective than handing out flyers since the
target audience is wider, from drivers to cyclists or just
pedestrians. In the other hand, flyers are a fairly good way
to promote something specific such as an art exhibition,
yet I believe that it lacks the universality of billboard
advertising and its message hardly ever reaches the audience
- in most cases it ends up being thrown away as litter or
stepped on.

SA: In my opinion, billboard advertising greatly contributes to
what we nowadays call aesthetic pollution, since it distorts
the image of cities and streets. It obstructs the horizon and
distracts drivers. In fact, it has also been known to cause
car accidents. Flyers can be annoying too because they are
ubiquitous, they are distributed literally everywhere and
I question their effectiveness, but at least they don't cause
accidents.


3. FURTHER DISCUSSION
إجابات مُقترحة
# If you had the choice of only one of the two, landline or mobile
phone, which would you choose and why?

I think that I would definitely choose a mobile phone because
it depends on wireless network technologies, which are
extensive in most of the civilised world, and most of all it is
portable and I can use it at home and elsewhere.


# What additional features of mobile phones do you find most useful/attractive?
I think I mostly like texting and sending MMS. I also think
it's great to have a camera installed on my mobile phone, and
I think an Internet connection is quite useful because you can
check your emails while waiting for the bus!

# Does advertising influence your choice of items when you shop? How?
I think that the power of advertising is immense, mostly because
it functions at two levels, a conscious one and a subconscious
one. Even if images and products fail to make an impression
at the first level, they manage to enter the subconscious and
influence our choices in ways that we can't control.

# Is advertising necessary in order for a product to become popular?

Product advertisement and placement is necessary in order for
a product to become popular. This can occur in various ways
different from traditional forms of advertisements. One of the
most effective and popular nowadays is using celebrities; e.g. if
David Beckham wears a certain brand of shoes, these instantly
become popular.

# In your opinion, which form of advertising is the most powerful? Why?
I think that the most powerful form of advertising is TV
commercials because they combine image, sound and moving picture.

examination practice
A.
1. b
2. a
3. d
4. d
5. a
6. b
7. d
8. b
9. c
10. a

B.
1. b
2. b
3. d
4. c
5. c
6. a
7. d
8. c
9. d
10. c
11. a
12. c

writing
WRITING: AN OPINION ESSAY
1. DISCUSS
إجابات مُقترحة
# Do you use the Internet on a daily basis?
Yes, I do. I use it to check my email, to read online
editions of newspapers and to find information when I
need it.

# In your opinion, what are the advantages of using the
Internet? Are there any disadvantages?
The advantages of the Internet are many. You can
communicate with people easily by email, instant
messaging services, Skype, etc. In addition, you can
quickly find information on almost any subject you
want. You can shop and make travel arrangements etc.
over the Internet too. A few of the disadvantages are
that it is easy for people to hide their identity on the
Internet, it is not always safe as hackers can access your
personal information and use your identity, credit card,
etc. and finally, the information you find is not always
reliable.

2. FOCUS ON CONTENT AND ORGANISATION
إجابات مُقترحة
Do you agree with the opinions expressed by the writer of the essay? Why / Why not?
I agree with the writer. The internet can be a useful tool,
but you do have to be careful when using the internet.
You shouldn't spend too much time on the internet and
you should be careful about which sites you use.

B.
1.
# The Internet may have become an important part of young people's everyday life but that does not mean that it has only advantages.

# First of all, surfing the Internet can sometimes be harmful to their health.

# Moreover, some websites may not be reliable or safe.

# In short, although the Internet is very useful, it should not be overused.
2. the third paragraph
3. the second paragraph

3. FOCUS ON LINKING WORDS/PHRASES
A.
Adding more points: moreover, apart from that, what is more
Giving examples: for instance
Expressing result or consequence: As a result (of)
Expressing contrast: although
Summarising: In short

B.
1. In fact
2. In addition
3. Although
4. such as
5. Consequently
6. For example
7. Furthermore
8. In summary

4. BRAINSTORMING
إجابات مُقترحة
1. whether mobile phones should be used in public places or not
2. disadvantages: ring in places they shouldn't,
people talk loudly
advantages: helpful in an emergency, can keep in touch
with others regardless of location

3. For example, when you are in class or in a library, it can
be very distracting if someone's mobile phone starts
ringing. That is more, some people talk very loudly
which can be quite annoying.

In the other hand, in case of an emergency, you can
call for help immediately. Also, you can call anyone
any time and do not have to wait until you or they get
home.

4. The advantages of having a mobile phone definitely
outweigh the disadvantages.

5. Mobile phones are very convenient; however it is
important to consider those around you when using them.

عودة لـ فهرس ( إجابات كتاب الطالب انجليزي ترافلر 6 )

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