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شرح قاعدة Types of relative clauses منهج Flying High 4 للصف الثاني ثانوي الفصل الدراسي الثاني

شرحنا في الدرس السابق {Nouns: post-modification}
types of relative clauses   أنواع عبارات الوصل
عبارة الوصل المعرفة
Use: الاستخدام
• Use a defining relative clause to define or  specify who or what we are talking about: + relative clause:
مثال:
Lions are animals that live in Africa


Form: الصيغة
Defining relative clause: main clause + (relative pronoun)
مثال:
Ahmed is the only student in our class who got a grade in his exam.

.......................
It is not always necessary to use a relative clause to specify what we are talking
about. We use modifying phrases to make contact clauses as another way
of doing this:
Lions are animals living in / found in Africa.

.....................
 عبارة الوصل غير المعرفة
Use: الاستخدام
• Use a non-defining relative clause to add information about a person or thing.  is separated from the main clause by commas and the sentence would still make sense if the clause were omitted:
مثال:
The players, who were really tired, decided to go home.


Form: الصيغة
Non-defining relative clause: main clause, + relative
This pronoun + relative clause:
مثال:
Mark attributes his success to his parents, who were right behind him all the way.

....................

Modifying phrases
• ing form:   
صيغة ing
Can you see the man sitting near the window?

• past participle: 
صيغة اسم المفعول به.
He’s the man married to my cousin.

• prepositional phrase: 
عبارة الجر
How much is the pair of trousers in the window?




الدرس التالي ⇐ {Contact clauses}
عودة للفهرس ⇐ { شرح قواعد اللغة الإنجليزية 4 Flying High الترم الثاني }

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