القائمة الرئيسية

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Present simple / past perfect , شرح قواعد منهج Flying High أول ثانوي, الفصل الدراسي الأول

present perfect المضارع التام
vs مقابل
past simple الماضي البسيط

Use:الاستخدام

Present perfect: to talk about activities that began in the past and continue now.

I’ve lived in Dammam for six months. (I still live there.)

Present perfect: to talk about events that happened in the past when the time is not important.

I’ve been to Abha. Have you been to Jubail? Yes, I have. / No, I haven’t.


Use:الاستخدام
Past simple: when dates and details are given, use the past simple.
I went to Abha last summer


time expressions تعابير الوقت
For, since, yet, and already are all used with the present perfect.
الأمثلة:
For is used with a period of time.
I’ve lived here for six months.
Since is used to indicate a point at which the period began.
I’ve lived here since January.

Yet and already mean "before now." Use already between the auxiliary and past participle of the verb in affirmative sentences and yet at the end of negative sentences. You can use either one in questions,
but already is used to state that something has happened before expected.
الأمثلة:
I’ve already finished dinner.
I haven’t finished dinner yet.
Have you already eaten? I wanted to invite you out to dinner.
Have you eaten yet?
Ago is used with the past simple tense and it is used to refer to a time in the past.
I met him six years ago.

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