القائمة الرئيسية

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We use the Past Progressive:
نستخدم الماضي المُستمر لكل من:
• for actions that were happening at a specific point of time in the past.

• للأحداث التي كانت تحدث في وقت معين من الزمن في الماضي.

مثال:
I was sleeping at 11 o’clock yesterday evening.

• to describe background scenes to a story.
• لوصف مشاهد الخلفية لقصة ما.
مثال:
It was snowing and the town was white and peaceful.

• for actions that were happening at the same time in the past. In this case we usually use while.

• للأحداث التي كانت تحدث في نفس الوقت في الماضي. في هذه الحالة نستخدم عادة كلمة while.
while تعني عندما.

مثال:
While I was watching TV, my brother was playing computer games.

• for an action that was happening in the past and was interrupted by another action. We use the
Past Progressive for the longer action and the Past Simple for the shorter action. We usually
use as, while and when.
• لحدث كان يحدث في الماضي وقطعه حدث آخر أيضا.

مثال: (لاحظ في المثال التالي حدثين اثنين).
We were entering the house when the phone rang.
كنا ندخل المنزل عندما رن الهاتف.

NOTE:
Stative verbs are not usually used in the Past Progressive.

أفعال stative الخبرية أو كما تسمى (أفعال الحواس) لا تُستخدم في الماضي المستمر. 

Time clauses (b when, while, as, as soon as)
Time clauses are introduced with when, while, as, and as soon as.
الأمثلة:
I was preparing lunch while they were watching TV.
As soon as he arrived at the airport, he called me.

NOTE: 
• When the time clause comes before the main clause, the two clauses are separated by
a comma. When the time clause comes after the main clause, the two clauses are not
separated by a comma.

• We use when or as soon as + Past Simple (time clause) + Past Simple (main clause) for
two actions that happened one after the other in the past.
الأمثلة:
As soon as they left, I went to bed.
When I turned on the TV, I saw the bad news.



الدرس التالي ⇐ { Past Perfect Simple }
عوده لفهرس القواعد {Grammar}
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