القائمة الرئيسية

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Prepositions of Place
حروف جر المكان
in    He’s in his room.
on    The pencils are on the desk.
at     I’ll wait at the bus stop.
under     Sam is reading under the tree.
near    Is there a hospital near your house?
behind    Look who’s hiding behind the car.
over     There’s a family picture over the sofa.
opposite    The library is opposite the bookshop.
next to     He sat next to me at the festival.
in front of        I can’t see because he’s in front of me.
between       The café is between the bank and the post office.

NOTE: ملاحظة
The prepositions on, in and at are used in various other expressions:
حروف الجر on, in, at تُستخدم في مختلف التعبيرات الأخرى.
on: with the expressions: on the left, on the right
in: with names of continents, countries, cities, villages: in Europe, in Saudi Arabia, in Beijing,
in Buraydah
at: with confined areas: at the post office, at the airport, etc.
with addresses: He lives at 34 Rose Street.
with the expressions: at work, at home, at school, etc.

to     She’s going to the supermarket.
up     They ran up the hill.
down    He rode the bike down Lane Street.
into    Don’t come into the house with those dirty shoes.
out of      He threw litter out of the window.
through This road goes through the forest.
across    The little boy ran across the road to catch the ball.
along   They walked along the river.
from    Nasir comes home from work at 5 o’clock every day.
around    I jog around the block every morning.
towards    The children came towards me.
off     Steve fell off the bike.
over     The thief jumped over the fence and ran away.
past    He walked past Jack but he didn’t see him.

NOTE:
• We do not use any prepositions with the word home when it is used with verbs which
denote movement.
لا نستخدم أي حرف جر مع كلمة (home = بيت, منزل) عندما تُستخدم مع الأفعال التي تدل على الحركة.

مثل:
( لاحظ في المثال التالي, كلمة home لا يسبقها حرف جر)
I didn’t call you because I got home late.
لم أتصل بك لأنني وصلت إلى المنزل في وقت متأخر.

• We use the preposition by with means of transport:
نستخدم حرف الجر by مع وسائل المواصلات
لكن لا نستخدمها مع ( foot = المشي على الأقدام)
ونستخدم حرف الجر on مع foot. 

مثل:
by car, by plane, by train, by ship, by taxi, etc.
but on foot

I usually go to work by train.
عادة أذهب إلى العمل بالقطار.

• If there is an article (a/an, the) before means of transport, we use on or in:
إذا كان هناك أدوات تنكير a, an أو أداة تعريف the قبل وسيلة المواصلات فإننا نستخدم حروف الجر on, in.

in the car, in a taxi, on the train, on the plane, on the ship, etc.
مثل:
There are a lot of passengers on the train.
I saw Yusef in a taxi.

Prepositions of Time
حروف جر الوقت
at to show the exact time:
in the expressions:

on with the days of the week: 
with dates: 
in the expressions:


in with periods of the day:
with months and seasons: 
with years and centuries: 
in the expression:

but 
on Sunday morning

during 
He was talking to John during the lesson.

after 
He went to the park after school.

before 
He went jogging before breakfast.

from... till/until/to 
We practise from two till/until/to five.

for 
I’ve known John for two years.

since 
He’s lived there since 2002.

by 
I will be home by lunchtime.
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